Strategy for suicide prevention can be classified into three approaches: indicated, selective and universal. Suicide prevention strategies are developed through empirical research. The goal is to promote local suicide prevention plans, to increase public knowledge and involvement regarding suicide prevention, and lastly lead to the implementation of related policies.
The indicated approach is designed to target the high-risk individuals, such as the family members and suicide attempters. The related interventions included the National Suicide Surveillance System (NSSS) and the training of aftercare personnel.
The selective approach targets high risk groups. The related interventions included the Gatekeeper Training, the promotion of Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS), and lastly, the promotion of the core concept “cherishing life” and the implementation of local policies through the cooperation between the government, non-government organizations, and the volunteers.
The universal approach is designed to improve the mental health of the general population. The related interventions included cooperation with the media, promoting the suicide prevention helpline, monitoring suicide related news, and planning of various educational activities and materials.